Name: breve
Adobe PS: breve
Unicode: 02D8, 0306
Languages: Esperanto, Romanian, Turkish, Vietnamese


History and examples of use

In Romanian and Vietnamese, the breve is used with ă. In Turkish, it is used with ğ, in Esperanto with ŭ, and in phonetic transcription of Latin: ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ, and ŭ. In the Native North American language Tohono ’O’odham, the breve indicates an extra short vowel: ă, ĕ, ĭ, ŏ.


While in Turkish, the shape of the character may vary from breve to caron, it is not acceptable to interchange caron with breve in Romanian.


The symbol should be a delicately-shaped, rather flat half-circle. In typefaces with variable stroke strength, it should be thicker in the bottom part. The designer should not use deformed brackets etc. to make the symbol. Proportionally and position-wise the accent should harmonise with caron or circumflex.